Hepatic steatosis is a condition in which fatty liver is caused by too much accumulation of fat in liver cells. Normally, the liver produces enough of the fatty substances called triglycerides (fatty acids). However, with this condition, the liver produces more fatty substances and transports it into the bloodstream instead of into liver cells. A build-up of cholesterol, fatty deposits on liver walls, and toxins such as acetaldehyde, cholesterol, and oxidized fats are the main causes of steatosis.
Hepatic steatosis symptoms can be either mild or severe. Mild steatosis usually affects people who eat a healthy diet and have regular physical activity. Some people with mild steatosis do not show any symptoms at all. On the other hand, severe steatosis may be manifested by various liver symptoms such as abdominal pain, jaundice, enlarged liver, nausea, vomiting, fever, and dark urine due to liver blood vessel leakage.
Liver disease progresses when excessive accumulation of triglyceride in body cells, promotes lipid enlargement and inflammation in liver cells. The liver cells may burst, resulting in swelling and inflammation. Liver injury may result in serious damage. Some individuals may experience liver failure due to steatosis.
Hepatic steatosis is diagnosed through various laboratory tests. One common method used is liver biopsy. Liver tissue is removed for pathological examination. During the biopsy process, doctors check for inflammation, cellular deterioration, and obstruction in liver cell membranes. Other hepatic steatosis symptoms include fatigue, weight loss, and decreased appetite. If these symptoms are present along with other symptoms suggesting a more serious condition such as jaundice, a complete blood count may be required.
Ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging may be used to determine the extent of fatty liver in body tissues. Abnormal lymphocytic activity is an indicator for this disease. Increased lymph fluid production is another symptom. Tumor size and number, and DNA fragmentation indicate malignancy.
Hepatomegaly is one of the most common symptoms of this condition. This refers to enlargement of liver organs such as spleen, ovaries, pancreas, and kidneys. Jaundice and hypercholesterolemia are additional conditions that appear to be part of this disease. In some individuals, there may be no visible symptoms. Steatosis often goes untreated until it reaches an advanced stage, during which time symptoms become more obvious.
Liver function tests may be abnormal for some individuals. Patients may have poor albumin levels or increased transporters. Elevated ALT may also be found.
Hepatic steatosis symptoms are easy to recognize. If there is excessive fat buildup in liver cells, patients may suffer from liver insufficiency or cirrhosis. This condition is indicated by a yellowish tint to skin and jaundice. Liver dysfunction and inflammation may also be present. Treatment may be required to reduce liver damage.
People with steatosis symptoms should follow a strict diet regimen. Extra fatty foods and processed foods should be eliminated. Alcohol intake should be limited. A diet that is high in fiber, vegetables, fruits, and lean proteins should be taken. Vitamin supplements may be added. A regular exercise routine should be included.
Patients who have steatosis may be at risk for developing cirrhosis. When this occurs, patients may need to take medication to lower blood pressure. They may be placed on a daily aspirin regimen. Surgery may be indicated if there is bleeding in the liver.
If there is extensive damage to the liver, surgery may be indicated. It usually begins with a procedure called radiofrequency ablation. In this procedure, a liquid solution is injected into fatty liver cells. This causes damage to the cells, which causes them to disappear. Radiofrequency ablation can also be done with local anesthesia.
Patients with steatosis symptoms should know about the risks of certain diseases, such as hepatitis and cancer. They should have a regular examination by their doctor. They should be up-to-date on their medications and doctors’ visits. If a patient has liver problems, they should contact their doctor right away, and they should not take any potentially harmful drugs or consume alcohol if they are having a negative reaction to any of their medications.