What is the liver and what is is its role in our bodies? A liver is an organ that produces bile. Bile is produced by the liver to help digest fat, and it helps with the absorption of fat. It helps with many bodily functions. An abnormal level of bile can result in serious health problems such as gallstones, non alcoholic fatty liver disease and gallbladder cancer.
Gallstones occur when there is too much cholesterol and not enough bile. The result is hard lumps of gel like material that builds up on the gallbladder and eventually reaches the small intestine where it then passes into the bladder. Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease occurs when the liver does not work properly and produces too much cholesterol, which flows into the blood stream. The liver can take care of this problem by producing more bile but can become unable to keep up with the extra production.
The liver can be severely damaged if fatty liver disease is not treated and the organ is not functioning properly. This condition can lead to diabetes, high blood pressure and heart problems. Gallstones will form if cholesterol, fats and bacteria are not removed from the gallbladder. This can result in severe bacterial infection, kidney stones, or even blindness. Treatment for nonalcoholic fatty liver disease requires a combination of medicines that can break down and eliminate the abnormally formed cholesterol.
Gallstones are broken down by an active enzyme known as XO-1. Gallstones occur when cholesterol, fats and other substances are not able to pass through the gallbladder. The gallbladder has a duct that carries the cholesterol to the intestines.
Liver disease may be either acute or chronic. Chronic liver disease takes a long time to develop and once it develops, it is very difficult to reverse it. There are two types of chronic hepatitis: acute hepatitis B (A HB) and chronic hepatitis C (HCG). The chronic type causes inflammation of the liver, which can eventually lead to death if proper medical treatment is not provided. Acute hepatitis B is characterized by jaundice, fever, abdominal discomfort and mild loss of appetite.
Hepatitis caused by HCG is characterized by inflammation of the liver, which causes liver fibrosis and eventually liver failure. Acute hepatitis C is an acute outbreak of hepatitis C and usually leads to death. Both types of hepatitis are characterized by symptoms such as weight loss, malaise, joint pain, abdominal swelling, nausea and vomiting.
When it comes to liver diseases, prevention is better than cure. Some of the factors that are important in preventing liver diseases include: exercise, reducing alcohol intake and reducing consumption of fatty foods. The use of contraceptives, steroids and medications taken for cancer also need to be considered. Hepatitis is caused by many microorganisms; some of them are hepatitis B, hepatitis C, and filariasis. Hepatitis C can be transmitted to an infected individual by contact. To avoid the occurrence of fibrosis in the human liver, patients should be sure that they do not take antibacterials, steroids and alcohol together.
The likelihood of liver disease can be reduced by taking multivitamins, which contain a special blend of vitamins and minerals essential in maintaining normal function of the body. Eating fish is a good way of obtaining essential nutrients, since it is rich in omega-3 fatty acids. Omega-3 fatty acids help reduce inflammation and fibrosis in the liver. Studies show that in people with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, those who had a higher intake of fish had lower risks of alcoholic cirrhosis and gallstones. Vitamins C and E are also very useful in protecting the body against the occurrence of liver disease. These vitamins are commonly found in citrus fruits, broccoli, oranges, halibut, salmon, bananas, garlic, nuts, seeds, soybean products, sesame seed and yellow corn.