Liver diseases are categorized into different types. The major types of liver disease are hepatitis, steatosis and cirrhosis. Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver due to excessive accumulation of hepatitis B virus or Hepatitis C virus. Steatosis is a disease where fatty deposits in the liver accumulate over a long period of time resulting in obstruction of the normal functioning of the liver. Hepatitis C Virus can cause serious damage to liver cells and thus results in liver cancer. Cirrhosis on the other hand is a degeneration of liver tissue, which can lead to serious liver failure.
A lot of enzyme supplements are available in the market that promise to cure liver diseases. But it is always wise to consult a doctor before starting a course of such medications. Some liver diseases can be controlled by a suitable diet. Food containing too much protein should be avoided as it facilitates the production of protein by the body to digest food. Food processing has also resulted in production of synthetic hormones that can interfere with liver function.
Liver cancer is one of the most common type of liver disease. In fact, liver cancer is the most common form of cancer in the human body. It is also known as Hemochromatosis. This cancer is also known as “the silent killer”. This cancer is one of the most common causes of death due to its leading to liver failure.
Hemochromatosis is caused when proteins, iron and other nutrients deficient in our bodies collect in the blood (due to deficient nutrient intake) and start to build up in the lining of liver cells. As a result of this activity, the scarring of liver cells starts increasing causing liver damage and further complications. Most of the people who have developed cirrhosis of the liver have a history of alcohol use.
Acute portal vein stenosis is another type of liver disease. As we know that portal veins carry blood from liver cells towards lungs. The blood is deposited under the skin surface and causes pain in the patient. This condition occurs when the walls of portal veins weak due to high blood pressure and can cause rupture and bleeding of liver cells.
Allergic-type disease is also a type of liver disease. Allergic reaction takes place when a person is sensitive to some proteins or chemicals in his body. Usually, it starts during childhood and can be controlled by medical treatment. Allergic reactions can be caused due to genetic disorders, food habits, viral infections and cigarette smoking. It is very important to get regular check up to detect any such liver disease as early as possible.
Some of the more common causes of hepatitis are viral infections, alcohol abuse and smoking. Hepatitis can lead to inflammation of liver cell membranes. If inflammation occurs, there is an increased risk of infection in the blood stream and liver. If infection occurs, it can be serious, causing jaundice and liver failure. Some of the other liver diseases are pyelonephritis, hypercholesterolemia, cirrhosis, hepatitis B and C and autoimmune hepatitis.
Some of the examples include fatty liver disease, which occurs due to excess fat accumulation in liver cells. Alcohol abuse can lead to fatty liver. However, excess alcohol does not cause fatty liver. It can lead to certain inherited diseases. Some of the other examples include genetic disorders which can be controlled and treated. Some of these disorders include chronic viral infections, kidney disorders and congenital heart defects.
One of the most common medications used for nonalcoholic fatty liver disease is acetaminophen. Acetaminophen works by relieving pain and relaxation from abdominal discomfort, nausea and vomiting. There are different varieties of acetaminophen available in the market such as Tylenol (Tylenolone), Anacin-3 (Acitracin) and other generics such as Motrin, Percocet and generic acetaminophen. Many of these medications can be purchased over the counter. However, there are some individuals who must have a prescription for these medications.
Some examples of inherited diseases include hemochromatosis, Wilson’s disease and polycystic kidney disease. These diseases can cause liver damage if left untreated or if the patient does not receive timely medical attention. Some of the late-stage liver diseases include steatohepatitis, thalassemia, chronic hepatitis, viral hepatitis, and liver cancer. It is important to note that the symptoms for some of these diseases may not be evident until the disease has advanced. This is why it is important to have a liver function test on a regular basis to monitor for any potential problems.
Hepatitis B and C are examples of the most prevalent viral strains that are responsible for many liver diseases. Hepatitis B is usually contracted through a contaminated blood product, while hepatitis C is acquired through contact with a certain type of bacteria. Hepatitis B and C usually last for about a year or two after an infection. In severe cases, hepatitis B and C patients may experience liver failure and require liver transplantation.