Liver disease is a common medical problem that causes malfunctions in the liver. One of the most common types of liver problems is a fatty liver. Other causes of liver disease are hepatitis B and C infections and autoimmune disorders. A fatty liver results from accumulation of fat in the liver cells.
There are many symptoms for fatty liver. Fatty liver may result in abdominal pain, jaundice, nausea and vomiting. Other symptoms may include abdominal tenderness or swelling, increased appetite, and intolerance for alcohol or drugs. Liver problems may also be caused by various environmental factors that directly damage the liver, like chemicals and radiation. Over time, certain conditions that directly damage the liver can cause severe scarring (cataracts), which may result in liver failure, a very dangerous condition.
In order to diagnose liver problems, doctors look for symptoms that may point to liver problems. Patients may have excessive amounts of fat in their liver cells, known as liver fat. In some cases, the liver fat content is normal but still shows signs of fibrosis. When there is an accumulation of liver fat, this may be one of the symptoms for liver problems.
To treat liver problems, doctors perform a series of tests to find the main cause. The most common test for diagnosing liver problems is liver biopsy. It involves removing a small amount of tissue to check for malignant growths. However, liver biopsy is not effective treatment for liver problems, because only small pieces of tissue are removed. This makes it impossible to determine whether the removed tissue will grow back or not.
There are also tests for detecting liver problems when patients have already undergone a liver transplant. During the transplant, doctors perform tissue scans to determine the efficiency of the transplanted liver. If there is inflammation or swelling in the treated organ, it may need further treatment. Doctors cannot use a tissue scan to diagnose liver problems in a non-transplanted organ because such tests can only detect the efficiency of the transplanted organ, not its efficiency in the body.
One of the most common types of liver problems is fatty liver disease. This disease is caused by a buildup of fatty tissues in the liver. Some of the possible causes include obesity, alcoholism and cigarette smoking. Although there are medications available for fatty liver disease, most of these medications only provide temporary relief. They do not treat the underlying cause of the disease.
Another type of liver problem is non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, or NAFLD. NAFLD is caused by too much fat in the bloodstream and not enough good proteins. NAFLD can be treated with lifestyle changes and medications. Patients who have been prescribed dual medications and require surgery may need to undergo a liver biopsy to confirm the diagnosis.
Liver disease does not choose any gender or age. It is most common in men, but it can also affect women. The two sexes may have different symptom patterns. Liver disease may cause intermittent claudication, hematuria, jaundice, enlarged liver, abdominal pain, abdominal discomfort, nausea, vomiting and abdominal bloating. To prevent further complications, patients with fatty liver should change their diet and reduce their exposure to alcohol.
Symptoms of liver disease can worsen as the condition worsens. Signs of liver disease are similar to those of alcoholic hepatitis. Fatty liver disease can be prevented, but once it has begun to progress it is difficult to reverse. If caught early, the patient can often reverse the damage. Unfortunately, once liver disease has been diagnosed, it is very difficult to reverse.
Being overweight and obesity are the leading causes of NAFLD. Overweight people are more at risk for developing NAFLD because they have excess fat cells in the liver that cannot function properly. Obesity leads to insulin resistance, another major risk factor for fatty liver disease. Some studies suggest that certain types of alcohol, especially red wine, may actually be beneficial for liver health. There is much evidence that supports a healthy diet, regular exercise and reduced consumption of alcohol, as part of an overall healthy lifestyle.
Alcohol use disorder can also increase the risks of developing nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Treatment for alcoholism and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease are both necessary for reversing the symptoms and treating the underlying condition. Unfortunately, many people who suffer from these conditions do not seek treatment, and instead ignore their symptoms, which only worsens their condition.