Liver disease is one of the most common medical conditions. Liver treatment can be made necessary by many factors such as alcohol, viral, bacterial or fungal infections and so on. A fatty liver can develop in a number of ways. One of the frequent causes for a fatty liver is nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). NAFLD or Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease can occur due to obesity, excessive intake of alcohol or any other occupational hazards. In fact, the most common symptom of fatty liver disease is severe abdominal pain and swelling.
The liver is basically responsible for filtering blood to the different parts of the body, synthesizing hormones, processing fats and proteins and storage nutrients. Liver disease often occurs due to a buildup of toxins or free radicals in the liver. Liver diseases are mainly divided into two categories namely, non-alcoholic fatty liver diseases and alcohol-induced liver diseases. Hepatitis, hyperparathyroidism, and autoimmune hepatitis are some of the nonalcoholic fatty liver diseases.
Alcoholic hepatitis is a disease in which the liver cells are destroyed. The condition may lead to damage to the pancreas or kidneys, too. The main symptoms include weight loss, jaundice, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, fever and back pain. If cirrhosis of the liver occurs, it could result in obstruction of blood circulation and could cause damage to the liver cells and tissues. It is essential that cirrhosis is detected at an early stage in order to prevent further damage to the liver. Liver transplant is one of the effective liver treatment options for this disease.
Abdominal pain and swelling may be a sign of alcoholic hepatitis. Patients may feel bloated and might suffer from severe cramps, and there may be nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. There could be bleeding from the anus into the stomach and into the duodenum. If patients notice these symptoms after consuming alcohol, they should contact their doctor immediately for a proper diagnosis. Other symptoms that are more vague and not always evident include yellow discoloration of skin and jaundice.
A liver function test known as a non-alcoholic fatty liver blood test (NALT) can determine the extent of damage in the liver. The NALT consists of four components – a high protein, low albumin level, a low saturating euglandin/glucosamine level, and a low TSH level. These test results indicate the progression of liver disease. Blood tests are usually performed on patients suspected of having alcoholic hepatitis. Liver treatment in this case depends on the severity of symptoms.
In milder cases of fatty liver disease, patients can follow a simple dietary plan and take oral liquid supplements to improve their liver condition. Patients with cirrhosis may need surgery to remove scar tissues and reduce inflammation. Both the surgical procedure and diet can be influenced by non-alcoholic fatty liver treatment. Acupuncture and Chinese herbs can be used for treating liver disease. Acupuncture is thought to improve circulation in the liver, increase energy levels, and treat pain and inflammation associated with fatty liver disease. Chinese herbs include ginseng, kelp, and polygons.
Mild to moderate fatty liver disease can also be treated with lifestyle changes. Fatty liver is believed to be caused by excess alcohol intake, exposure to toxins, and immune system resistance. Alcohol abuse often leads to fibrosis in liver cells. Since liver cells are supposed to repair damaged cells, patients should adopt an alcohol-free lifestyle. Alcoholic patients should avoid taking non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications, NSAIDS, and antibiotics. Surgical interventions are also available for severe fatty liver disease.
The causes of cirrhosis of the liver are numerous and include genetic tendencies, bad diet, viral infections, and fatty liver disease. Fibrosis is a progressive disease that destroys liver cells. Liver transplantation is currently the only feasible treatment for late-stage liver disease. As with all medical treatments, there are possible side effects.